Articles

Don’t Let a Contract LEED to Liability

By Michael Welbel


Don’t Let a Contract LEED to Liability

No matter how skilled the surgeon, they cannot – and will not – guarantee the results of a surgery. Always going in with the best of intentions, the result is typically left to forces beyond their control.

The same can be said of architecture and engineering firms contracted to design a LEED-certified building, with admittedly lower stakes.

LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) is the most widely used green-building rating system in the world, commissioned by the U.S. Green Building Council. As the country continues to confront the effects of climate change, most organizations are working to lessen environmental footprints, starting from the ground up at the onset of design and ultimately into construction.

But LEED Certification is not granted until the completion of the building. While there are checkpoints along the way to ensure a project is on track, there is no true way of knowing whether the building meets the requirements for Certified, Silver, Gold or Platinum status until the day the third-party evaluator hands down their judgment.

This gets tricky for designers, as clients are looking to partner with firms who can guarantee success, which is why it’s being written into their contracts.

Don’t Let Fate Decide the Bottom Line

Designers must make certain that expectations of the building owner on achieving LEED certification are realistic. Remind them early and often that there is a myriad of issues that could arise beyond everybody’s control, such as malfunctioning products or processes.

A green building is still a new frontier, with exciting innovations hitting the market seemingly daily. However, shiny new ideas are untested by nature, and they commonly fail or fall short of expectations, leaving the building less green than expected.

Innovation is also expensive. Once the project is under way, budgets can quickly become overblown and owners will find themselves reassessing priorities. Any changes made at this stage can affect the ultimate sustainability and certification.

How to Avoid Contractual Liability

The key to designers managing liability is their contract. Do not sign anything that holds the firm to achieving a certain level of certification. Before signing, pay close attention to some key words and phrases, such as ‘warranty’, ‘guarantee’ and ‘achieve the highest level of standard care’. Omit and revise as necessary, and then address the below.

  • Waiver of consequential rights. Standard AIA contracts contain a mutual waiver of consequential damages. This can be an effective tool to limit liability. Consequential damages might include lost profits, increased cost due to delay and other economic losses. In the case of a LEED project, consequential damages might include failure to meet a certain level of certification or even diminution of value of the completed structure. Owners often object to such waivers, however they might be willing to accept a narrower provision such as one that applies only to green building issues. 
  • Tax credits  Building owners looking to achieve LEED status are also looking to receive tax credits and may look to the firm for damages if they don’t receive them. If this issue is not addressed by a waiver of consequential damages, it might be prudent to add a paragraph to all contracts clearly stating that any representations by the design professional concerning tax credit submittals are not warranties as respects the performance of any building. 
  • Liquidated damages. Contracts seeking for liquidated damages creates coverage problems.  

Innovation comes with increased risks and increased costs. Make sure everyone is protected from unnecessary and costly litigation by setting clear expectations about the LEED certification process and keeping a keen eye on contracts. Need an extra set of eyes? A risk management broker is here to help.

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